Architectural Columns
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Five Types of Columns

There are 5 distinctive classical orders or ancient styles of building design: Architectural Columns For Sale

The Doric Order (dating back to 700 BC) is the oldest and simplest of the classical orders. It is composed of a vertical cylinder that is wider at the bottom. Normally, it will not utilize a base or detailed capital, but will use plain, round capitals or cylindrical carvings. The shaft of a Doric order column is channeled with 20 flutes.  Greek Doric columns and Roman Doric columns are characterized by entasis: a curved tapering or slight convex curvature of a classical column that diminishes in diameter as it rises.  In the Doric columns of the Parthenon, 34 ft (10.3 m) high and 6 ft 3 in. (1.9 m) in diameter at the bottom, the total convexity amounts to only 3/4 in. (1.91 cm). In Greek Doric columns, the entasis begins at the base of the column, while the Romans designed their columns to taper slightly in the middle to upper two thirds of the column.
Doric columns are often shorter and heavier and referred to as “squat” columns.  The height-to-thickness ratio of a Greek Doric column is about 4:1- 6:1. The Roman versions were made with a higher ratio, therefore look lighter. Column Request Form

The Ionic Order traces its origins to eastern Greece, and is similar to the lesser known Aeolic Order (used in Sicily.) Its main design elements include slender, fluted pillars with a large base and two opposed volutes (scrolls) in the echinus of the capital. The echinus itself is decorated with an egg-and-dart motif. The Ionic shaft comes with 24 flutes. The Ionic order is also characterized by entasis, a curved tapering or slight convex curvature of a classical column that diminishes in diameter as it rises. The Greeks used entasis to prevent the illusion of inward sagging. The Ionic Order was used in the design and construction of the Erechtheum also on the Acroplis in Athens.  A column of the Ionic Order has a height-to-thickness ratio of about 9:1. Column Request Form

The Corinthian order is the most ornate and is considered by many to be the most elegant of the Classical Orders.  These slender, fluted columns are characterized by a shaft with 24 flutes and very ornate capitals.  The capitals are adorned with acanthus leaves and scrolls. Two very famous examples of the Corinthian Order are the Pantheon (built 125 AD) in Rome and Maison Carree (built 19-16 BC) in Nimes, France.  The height-to-thickness ratio of a Corinthian column is about 10:1. The Corinthian columns became more popular over time with Roman designers and craftsmen than the Doric and Ionic Orders.  Column Request Form

The Tuscan order is characterized by a very plain design.  It was modified from the Greek Doric order by the Romans. The shaft will be smooth and not fluted. The column will have a simple base and capital.  The Tuscan order will normally have a height-to-thickness ratio of 7:1.  The Tuscan order looks more solid than the other orders.  The Tuscan style is the most popular column on the market today and provides elegant grace to every project.  Column Request Form

The Composite order is actually created by combining elements of the Ionic and Corinthian orders.  The capitals will use larger volutes than the Ionic order. The height-to-thickness ratio of 10:1 gives composite columns a sleeker look.  Composite columns had been classified as part of the Corinthian order until The Renaissance (14th – 17th centuries.)  The Arch of Titus, in the forum in Rome is believed to be the earliest example of the Composite order. Column Request Form

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(Atlanta, GA - USA)

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